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International nomenclature of meridians and extraordinary points

The Lung Meridian Of Hand-Taiyin

The Large Intestine Meridian Of Hand-Yangming

The Stomach Meridian Of Foot-Yangming

The Spleen Meridian Of Foot-Taiyin

The Heart Meridian Of Hand-ShaoyinThe Small Intestine Meridian Of Hand-Taiyang The Bladder Meridian Of Foot-Taiyang

The Kidney Meridian Of Foot-Shaoyin

The Pericardium Meridian Of Hand-Jueyin

The Sanjiao (Triple Energizer Of Triple Warmer) Meridian Of Hand-Shaoyang

The Gallbladder Meridian Of Foot-Shaoyang

The Liver Meridian Of Foot-Jueyin

The Ren Meridian (Governor Vessel Or Front Midline)

The Du Meridian (Governor Vessel Or The Back Midline).

Extraordinary points - Location, indicationds and manipulations.

Head and neck: Yintang (EX-HN3), Taiyang (EX-HN5), Yiming (EX-HN14).

Yintang (EX-HN3)

Location: Midpoint of the line between the medial ends of the two eyebrows (see fig. 1)
indications: Headache, dizziness, epistaxis, thinorrhea, infantile convulsion, maternal dizziness due to more bleeding, insomnia. 
Method: Puncture subcutaneously 0.3-0.5 cun, or prick to cause bleeding, use 3-5 moxa cones or 5-10 minutes' moxibustion..

Taiyang (EX-HN5)

Location: In the depression about 1 cun posterior to the midpoint between the lateral end of the eyebrow and the outer canthus (see fig. 2)
indications: Headache, dizziness, redness, swelling and pain of the eye, deviation of the eyes and mouth, facial pain.
Method: Puncture perpendicularly 0.3-0.4 cun, subcutaneously or prick to cause bleeding.

Yiming (EX-HN14)
Location: 1 cun posterior to YIFENG (SJ17) (see fig. 2)
indications: Eye disease, tinnitus, insomnia.
Method: Puncture perpendicularly 0.5-0.8 cun.

Fig. 1 - The extra points on the head and face

Fig. 2 - Taiyang, Erjian and Yiming points

Back: Dingchuan ( EX-B1), Jiaji (EX-B2), Yaoqi (EX-B9).

Dingchuan (EX-B1)
Location: 0.5 cun lateral to DAZHUI (DU14) (See fig. 3)
indications: Cough, bronchial asthma.
Method: Puncture perpendicularly 0.5-0.8 cun, with the tip of needle towards obliquely the spinal column. Moxibustion is applicable.

Jiaji (EX-B2)
Location: 0.5 cun lateral to the lower border of each spinous process from the first thoracic vertebra to the fifth lumbar vertebra. (See fig. 4)
indications: Diseases in the spinal column and various internal organs. The JIAJI points on the upper portion of the chest can be used to treat diseases of the heart and lung and diseases in the upper limbs; the points on the lower portion of the chest, gastrointestinal diseases; the points on the lumbar region, diseases in the lumbar and abdominal regions and diseases in the lower limbs.
Method: puncture perpendicularly 0.5-1.0 cun in the cervical and thoracic region; 1.0-1.5 cun in the lumbar region, apply 3-5 cones or 10-20 minutes' moxibustion.

Yaoqi (EX-B9)
Location: 2 cun directly above the tip of the coccyx.
Indications: Epilepsy, constipation.
Method: puncture subcutaneously upward 1.5-2.0 cun. Moxibustion is applicable.

Fig. 3 - The extra points on the back

Fig 4 - Dingchuan and Jiaji points

Upper limb: Baxie (EX-UE9), Sifeng (EX-UE10), Shixuan (EX-UE11).

Baxie (EX-UE9)
Location: At the junction of the red and white skin of the hand webs, both left and right sides, either in all (See Fig. 5)
indications. Excessive heat, pain of the eye, snakebite, swelling and pain of the dorsum of the hand, numbness and pain of the fingers.
Method: Puncture obliquely 0.3-0.5 cun, or prick to bleed. Moxibustion is applicable.

Sifeng (EX-UE10)

Location: On the palmar surface, in the midpoint of the transverse creases of the proimal interphalangeal joints of the second, third, fourth and fifth fingers (See fig. 6).
indications: Malnutrition and indigestion syndrome in children, nausea, vomiting, whooping cough.
Method: Prick with a three-edged needle and squeeze out a small amount of yellowish viscous fluid.

Shixuan (EX-UE11)
Location: On the tips of the ten fingers, about 0.1 cun distal to the nails. (See fig. 6)
indications: Coma, epilepsy, hysteria, high fever, tonsillitis, infantile convulsion, heat-stroke.
Method: Puncture 0.1-0.2 cun superficially, or prick to cause bleeding.

Fig. 5 - The extra points on the dorsum of hand

Fig. 6 - Sifeng and Shixuan points

Lower limb: Xiyan (EX-LE5), Dannang (EX-LE6),
Lanwei (EX-LE7), Bafeng (EX-LE10)

Xiyan (EX-LE5)
Location: A pair of points in the two depressions, medial and lateral to the patellar tip (See fig. 7).
indications: Knee pain, pain and heaviness feeling in the leg and foot, beriberi.
Method: puncture obliquely 0.5-1 cun, or penetrate from the XIYANG to the homolateral XIYANG. Moxibustion is applicable. Use 3-5 moxa cones or 10-20 minutes' moxibustion.

Dannang (EX-LE6)
Location: 2 cun below YANGLINGQUAN (GB34) (See fig. 8)
indications: Acute and chronic cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, biliary ascariasis, flaccidity and numbness of the lower extremities.
Method: puncture perpendicularly 0.8-1.2 cun

Lanwei (EX-LE7)
Location: About 2 cun below ZUSANLI (ST36) (See fig. 7)
indications: Acute and chronic appendicitis, indigestion.
Method: puncture perpendicularly 1.0-1.2 cun, use 3-5 moxa cones or 10-30 minutes' moxibustion.

Bafeng (EX-LE10)
Location: On the dorsum of foot, in the depressions of the webs between toes, on both left and right sides, eight points in all (See fig. 9)
indications: Pain and swelling of the dorsum of the foot, numbness of the toes, headache, snakebite, beriberi.
Method: puncture perpendicularly 0.1-0.3 cun. Moxibustion is applicable.

Fig 7. - Kuangu, Heding, Xiyan and Lanwei points

Fig. 8 - Dannang and Waihuaijian points

Fig. 9 - Bafeng and Qiduan points

Dra. Cecilia Y. Cáceres