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Chinese mythology: The creation of the Universe

There is an ancient Chinese legend which says that at the beginning of every existing thing, when time was not time yet and darkness and chaos ruled the Universe, in that endless darkness shaped like a black egg, Pangu was born.
Pangu incubated inside the egg, being fed from it and resting inside it.
The moment came when Pangu finally woke up, and already as a giant, while stretching he broke the shell of the egg where he had been shut up.
The clear and bright part of the egg ascended and created the skies (YANG). The cold and cloudy matter remained below to create the Earth (YIN).
Pangu remained in the middle with its head touching the sky and its feet on the Earth.
Surprised and excited, Pangu found himself in a new habitat, full of light and space to stand up. He was in a free habitat.
However, something started to worry him and it was the idea that sky and earth could join together again as they used to do and that Pangu could be trapped again in the egg. Thus, he placed himself between both of them, holding them with its head and feet for some long 18 thousand years. During all that time, Pangu continued to grow. Therefore, without noticing it, he separated the two parts more and more from each other until one day he felt that the distance between them both was appropriate for them not to join again.
At that moment, he fell exhausted due to fatigue and sank in a deep sleep from which he never woke up.
From his body, the elements of Nature started to originate: his hair gave birth to the stars and the Milky Way; from its left eye the Sun was born and from its right eye the Moon was born. From his voice, the thunder and lightning were created; from his breath the wind and clouds were originated. The trunk and the four limbs were transformed into the four cardinal points and the mountains.
From the rest of his flesh the trees and sleep were born, while from its skin and body hair the herbs and flowers were born.
His blood became rivers and his veins became the channels through which these flowed. The metals and stones arose from his teeth and bones.
Its marrow became jade and pearls; his sweat became dew and finally, his body parasites became men and women, thus giving origin to the human race.
In other versions of the Pangu myth, his tears flowed to become rivers and the gleam of his eyes became the thunder and the lightning. According to this interpretation, when Pangu was happy the sun shone, but when he was angry black clouds covered the sky…

…And this is how the Universe was created from the giant Pangu.


The usefulness of the nothing.

Thirty rays converge towards the center of a wheel, but it is the emptiness in the center what makes the wheel useful.
A container is cast with clay, but it is the empty space in it what we use as a container.
We open doors and windows in a house, but it is because of its empty spaces that we can use it.
Thus, things come from existence and their utility comes from the non-existence.

Tao Te King. XI.
Lao Tse

Dr. Cecilia Y. Cáceres